Ripples 9/21/17

Written by Nancy Nabak, Communications Coordinator

photo of bee on a native aster

Bee on aster

Before food becomes food, what does it sound like? This may sound like an odd question, but in actuality, much of the time it sounds like a buzz. According to the US Department of Agriculture, one out of every three bites of food we eat exists because of pollinators, such as bees, flies, and even butterflies.

Unfortunately, there is a major global decline in the pollinator population that started at the end of the twentieth century and continues today. A list of possible reasons for the decline range from agricultural practices where native wildflowers are removed, pesticide exposure, to parasites, pathogens, and climate change. Our need to have a nicely groomed, solid green lawn instead of native wildflowers also adds to this equation. We all desire nice lawns, but this may be the time where we redefine what “nice” means.

Photo of man planting native wildflowers

Volunteer planting native wildflowers

A group of five of us decided to take on this large issue in our own little corner of the world yesterday. Two Woodland Dunes staff members and 3 volunteers went into a secluded area on the preserve with over 100 native plants that are known to be good for pollinators and started planting. On Monday, students from the Two Rivers High School will be planting hundreds more. Eventually, 1,200 native wildflowers will be in the ground, thanks to a grant from the Bayer, Feed A Bee program. The new plots are being established specifically to offer increased habitat and nutrition sources for local pollinators.

Creating more bee food on Woodland Dunes property is important in taking steps to reverse the pollinator decline, but also because historically, it’s been home to a variety of bee species. One such bee is the rusty-patched bumblebee, a pollinator that has been found in Manitowoc County and was considered common 30 years ago. The rusty-patched is known to pollinate at least 65 varieties of plant species. It is now listed as endangered.

Fortunately, pollinator corridors, plots and “stepping stones” are increasing in popularity. Woodland Dunes is collaborating with Still Bend, the Frank Lloyd Wright house in Two Rivers, to develop a native landscaping plan in order for it to become a “pollinator showcase.” The idea, according to Michael Dittmer, Still Bend owner, is to inspire other homeowners in the area to add pollinator-friendly plants to their landscaping. We will also be donating and planting wildflowers in the corridor along Mariner’s Trail.  This isn’t a new idea, but it’s one worth spreading. Seattle Washington has responded to the decline creatively. A local artist, Sarah Bergmann, designed a “Pollinator Pathway” on a mile-long, city-owned grass strip between the street and sidewalk. Citizens living along this street adopt portions of it, planting native wildflowers and committing to takecare of their areas. Their goal is to attract pollinators in an urban setting and eventually connecting them to a larger green space.

Looking at the pollinator decline as a whole can be overwhelming, but if we realize that many small corners of the world are being taken care of by collaborating partnerships, it gives us a chance to feel hope. So let’s put our garden gloves on, some native wildflowers in the soil, and feed some bees!

photos by Nancy Nabak: volunteer Bob Turnbull helping plant wildflowers; bee on a native aster flower at Woodland Dunes

Ripples 9/15/17

Most people that I know enjoy being outdoors, and feel that it is good for them to do so.  Like other aspects of nature, it is interesting to study the interaction of people and the world around them and examine how we feel about the outdoors, and each other.  For those of us who work as environmental teachers, it motivates us to find new ways to get people outside.

Photo of young girl and ladies dressed in flower crowns

Nature Princesses

In January of this year, a national study was conducted to better understand women’s relationship and attitude towards the outdoors. The results showed three-fourths of women felt they are under more pressure to conform to socials norms than men. However, they view spending time outdoors as a way to escape these pressures and the majority of women want to spend more time outside. The women surveyed also felt liberated when they were in nature and eighty-five percent also felt being outdoors positively impacted their overall well-being.

Six in ten women surveyed felt that men’s interests in outdoor activities are taken more seriously that women’s. Role models are hard to come by, as sixty-three percent of women were unable to name a female outdoor role model. At first, I found this surprising, but once I took a look around me, I have to agree. The media is full of images of men rock climbing, canoeing and camping.

The study also concluded something we’ve known for years: appreciation for the outdoors starts young. Young children who spend ample time in nature are more likely to be active and care about the outdoors when they are adults. Girls that spend time outside are also more likely to place value on adventure. Beyond ample time in nature, young girls (and all children) need a mentor to guide them and share in their outdoor experiences. In the study specific to women, the majority named their mother as their top female role model and those encouraged to spend time outside as young girls were twice as likely to report their mother was the one encouraging them.

Nature should be a level playing field that everyone can explore and enjoy. Woodland Dunes and the Ice Age Trail Alliance have partnered to bring the community a fun program to encourage women and girls to spend time outside. This program is called “Be a Nature Princess….at Any Age!” and will take place the morning of Saturday, November 4th. Grandmothers, aunts, mothers and friends are encouraged to bring the young girls in their lives for a royally good time! The majority of the program will take place outdoors on a portion of the Ice Age Trail. We’ll be breaking stereotypes and getting dirty while we explore the natural kingdom. Go girl power! For more information about this program, contact Woodland Dunes Nature Center.

This program is part of a series of programs organized by the Ice Age Trail Alliance called “Force of Nature: Trailtessa Retreats.” The series offers a variety of programs encouraging women to experience adventure, freedom and nature on the Ice Age Trail. Topics include outdoor yoga and mindfulness, art, trail running and even invasive species removal.

Spending time in nature with all children is important, however there needs to be more effort to engage girls and women in the outdoors. I urge you to be a role model and spend time outside with your daughters and granddaughters. Invite her to hike, bike, jump in puddles or catch bugs. Show her how to dig into the soil, climb a tree or kayak. The Lakeshore is a playground for all ages.

-Written by Jessica Johnsrud, Education Coordinator

Ripples 9/7/17

The life around us flows like tides in the ocean.  In spring, the tide of migrant birds and insects flows north, finding places which support their families.  After a successful summer, even more animals flow south again to places where food is available in the winter.  In spring, these movements are obvious as the birds are dressed in their finest colors, but now they quietly flit among the leaves filling their bellies with insects, spiders, and fruit between long flights southward.

Places covered in good habitat, meaning lots of native plants, are also covered in birds right now.  A recent 10-minute, stream-side stop on a quiet evening revealed that the trees and shrubs were anything but quiet, instead populated by many warblers like the Tennessee, and yellow-rumped, American redstart, and northern waterthrush, along with Swainson’s thrush, wrens, catbirds, grosbeaks, song sparrows, cardinals, and robins.  Down by the water, a spotted sandpiper looked for different bugs, and a hummingbird, instead of it’s usual search among the jewelweed and other flowers for nectar, was delicately plucking insects from a dead tree branch.  None were singing, save the squeak-toy sounds of a nuthatch, and if one didn’t listen for the soft call notes, one wouldn’t know the birds were there.  The foraging of the birds coincided with the emergence of many winged queen and drone ants that evening- an unfortunate ending to the ant’s wedding night, I suppose.

photo of a Red-breasted nuthatch

Red-breasted nuthatch

These fall flights are all made possible by the presence of native plants.  The insects here, the overwhelming majority of which are beneficial or at least not noxious, have no interest in foreign plants.   Their lives depend on the natives, and the lives of birds depend on them.  We have removed a lot of native plants from our world and substituted non-natives, and it is estimated that there are now far fewer birds as a result.  Fortunately, northern Wisconsin has a lot of native forest, and there are enough scattered patches around here that we can still experience these wonderful migrations, even if they are diminished.  Fortunately, we are coming to realize that even landscape plantings of natives around our homes can provide some habitat for wildlife.

Wetlands, too, are especially good for wildlife.  The combination of water and native plants can produce many insects and other food for wildlife.  More than half of the wetlands which once existed are gone now, the land having been put to other uses.  Of course from time to time we are reminded that wetlands also serve to store floodwater and even after we alter and drain them, water still seeks those areas out. Each fall we find out what happens when homes are placed in areas that used to be wetlands and now subject to tropical storms.  Like many of us, I will gladly deal with winter rather than be flattened and flooded by such weather, and I feel badly for those who are.

All the native plants, and wetlands, which are preserved or planted contribute to the welfare of wildlife in the fall, when migrants need help the most.  Many of them are in their first year, and on their first major journey, and it is the most dangerous time of their lives. Know that the things you’ve planted in this and previous years, may make the difference between survival and death for them. Know too, that with your help they will again return next spring in a brighter and louder form to once again improve your yard and make for you a better day.

photo: a red-breasted nuthatch from Wikipedia

Ripples 8/31/17

Our natural world is comprised of both living and non-living components, and the last third of our summer this year was enhanced by the non-living.  Amongst the most spectacular natural phenomenons – the Perseid meteor shower and the solar eclipse. 

We, at Woodland Dunes, are fortunate enough to have  our own little observatory, the Alyea Sky Shed.  It’s equipped with a magnificent telescope and manned by volunteers Al and Ben, both great amateur astronomers.  The dynamic night-sky duo offer frequent evening programs, but because they’re weather-dependent, they sometimes happen with a day’s notice. (Check our Facebook page to find last-minute posts announcing these “star parties.”)  People are welcome to bring their own scopes and get advice on how to use them.

photo of crescent sun during eclipse

Crescent sun

I was fortunate to check off a “bucket list” item when the solar eclipse occurred.  I have family in Tennessee, which we always visit in the summer.  The path of totality for the eclipse ran just a couple hours from where we stay, so on the advise of my brother-in-law, we found ourselves in the lovely little town of Franklin, NC, nestled in the Great Smoky Mountains on the morning of Aug. 21.  There were about 10,000 people gathered in a town with a population of 1,500 normally, and the atmosphere was festive!

They were well prepared. The civic center had astronomers on hand and NASA’s live broadcast was airing inside.  They handed out 2,000 pairs of eclipse glasses to visitors, and there were vendors and children’s activities on the streets.  Every business was open and packed with people, especially the handful of restaurants. Even the little Scottish-American heritage shop (there are apparently more people of Scottish ancestry in North Carolina than there are in Scotland) was participating in the celebration.

photo of the town of Franklin, TN during eclipse

Town of Franklin during eclipse

At about 1pm the moon began to pass in front of the sun, and gradually people began to find their special places to watch the event.  The sunlight began to fade, and people became quieter as it did.  Somebody had a drone, which flew above.  People watched the sliver of sun shrink, and noted with concern a large cloud approaching from the south.  Sure enough, just as the last bit of crescent sun could be seen, the cloud advanced – but it didn’t entirely obscure the sun/moon couplet.  At this point, most were trying to photograph the eclipse, and found that the transparent clouds actually made the scene more interesting.

Then, at 2:35, the last crescent of sun disappeared and the town was enveloped in an eerie, gloomy, semi-darkness.  Magically, the sun’s corona appeared above us, looking like something out of the “Lord of the Rings.”  A firework was set off, signaling that it was safe to view the event without protection and the crowd cheered.  All around was twilight. Streetlights came on and above was what looked like an eye staring down at us.  The moment was surreal and one had to fight the urge to spend too much time trying to record it so they could be present.  Our family couldn’t resist snapping a “selfie” of all of us with the corona above our heads, however. 

photo of Franklin during total eclipse

Franklin in total eclipse

After a few more seconds, we witnessed the “diamond ring” (where the tiniest bit of sun shines among the moon’s mountains), and then the return of the sun crescent on the other side of the moon. Fireworks charged again to signal “glasses on,” and folks cheered at the return of the sun.  Instantly, the corona disappeared and the sun crescent grew again.  People immediately began to leave as the daylight grew brighter.

It was wonderful to see so many people interested in a natural event and to know that so many across the country did as well.  I don’t know if anybody has talked about it, but I’m sure the economic impact was enormous compared to even the largest sporting or other events.

People came to see the eclipse because there was a lot of awareness around it.  There are amazing natural events all the time and I think we should talk about them more, highlighting the wonders of our area – both natural and historic.  I certainly wish for the sake of our local businesses that there could be a total eclipse here (but this is determined by physics, not people…). It must have been the most profitable day ever in Franklin, and the event introduced me to a small town I would love to visit again.

The next solar eclipse is only seven years off and totality occurs much closer to us.  If you can, I would recommend you experience it, and I hope your experience is as wonderful as this was for me.

photos- sun just before totality, Franklin NC during totality, sun’s corona above Franklin



Written by Woodland Dunes summer intern, Julia Adams

It has not been an uncommon sight for me to wake up and see some very interesting birds perched on the top of the barns near my house. Time and time again, turkey vultures have been basking in the sun with their wings outspread. Although they are not the most attractive bird, they have an interesting and unusual life.

Turkey vultures get their name from their resemblance to the wild turkey. They have very little or no feathers on their head, leaving their red skin exposed. This, combined with their dark plumage, is reminiscent of a male wild turkey. Standing 24 to 32 inches tall with a wingspan of 63 to 72 inches and weighing in at 1.8 to 5.2 pounds, they are much larger than turkeys. Unlike most birds, it is difficult to tell the difference between genders because both have the same plumage, coloration, and similar size.

Turkey vultures feed on carrion (dead animals) and prefer to eat those most recently deceased. Vulture means “tearer” referring to the way it tears flesh from a carcass. Their large olfactory lobe allows them to pick up the scent of ethyl mercaptan, a gas that is produced early in the decaying process. Their feet are flat and relatively weak, making them poorly adapted to grasping prey. Turkey vultures are often seen on the side of the road feeding on roadkill or near a body of water feeding on washed up fish. Rarely, they will feed on plant matter and they almost never kill their own food.

It is common to see turkey vultures with their wings spread open. It is believed the reason for this stance is to dry their wings, warm their body, and bake off bacteria. This behavior is similar between turkey vultures and other new world vultures, old world vultures and storks. Another process that is common between the turkey vultures and storks is called urohidrosis. Urohidrosis is a process that occurs when the turkey vulture defecates on its own legs. Although this is not appealing to humans, the evaporation of the water in the droppings helps the turkey vulture cool the blood vessels in its feet and unfeathered ankles.

Though they are large, turkey vultures can fall prey to other large birds such as great horned owls, red-tailed hawks, and bald eagles. As a defense mechanism, they will regurgitate semi-digested meat. They can feed on carrion and are not bothered by the smell of decaying meat. However, when other birds smell it, they are deterred from the turkey vulture’s nest due to the foul smell.
These birds do not have the best reputation mainly because humans believe that turkey vultures can carry viruses such as anthrax or hog cholera. However, turkey vultures have very strong stomach acid that destroys these types of viruses when their food is digested.

Turkey vultures are scavengers with unattractive habits, but they play an important role in our ecosystem by helping to control the spread of diseases.